The Birth of an Arboretum

Over the last few weeks, we have finished up planting our first year selections for the arboretum. Since nearly all the selections produce a food crop, it can also be considered an orchard. However, our real orchards will be developed based on the varieties that do well in the arboretum.

Our plan is to put in as large a diversity of types of fruit/nut/berry varieties over the next couple of years that we can. Once we see how these initial plantings do, they can be refined based on success. The best selections will be propagated in nursery beds and then planted out in larger orchards.

It has been quite a bit of prep work to get here, but now that the plants are in, we get to slow down and settle in to maintenance and observation mode.

All of these plants have been put in to hugelkultur beds. Over the years, this should drastically reduce the amount of irrigation and fertilization that would be necessary if the plants were planted in a typical fashion in our climate.

The layout of the beds is designed to intermingle taller trees with shrubs, brambles, vines and low growing perennials and annuals (herbs, nitrogen fixers, vegetables, etc…). While the trees are getting established, we will also be able to use the hugel beds for growing annuals such as squash, melons, etc. By amending planting hills in the beds for these crops we will be able to get some early yields and make use of the extra sun until the canopy fills in.

Most of the arboretum selections are within 100 feet of the home-site (we’re still working on getting the house built), and all are within 250 feet. This keeps the plants close enough (within zone 1 or 2 in permaculture terms) to our main focus so that it will be easy and natural to pay frequent attention to how they progress and quickly identify any problems. Due to a high density of deer in the area, a substantial portion of the arboretum is enclosed in a double fence (what will someday be a chicken/duck moat). Those plants that are not likely to be bothered by browsing deer are planted outside the fence (figs, persimmon, jujube, etc…)

Here is the list of selections for this year:
Nuts
Almond Seaside
Almond Titan
Apricot Chinese Sweet Pit
Apricot Hunza
Chestnut Collosal seedling
Chestnut Schrader
Chestnut Skioka
Chestnut Seedling (chinese)
Filbert Jefferson
Filbert Santiam
Filbert Yamhill
Goldenhorn Seedling
Siberian Pea Shrub Seedling
Walnut Ambassador

Fruits
Apple Enterprise
Apple Evereste (crab)
Apple Fiesta
Apple Kingston Black (cider)
Apple Williams Pride
Apricot Hunza
Apricot Chinese Sweet Pit
Asian Pear Hosui
Asian Pear Shinko
Asian Pear Twentieth Century
Asian Pear Chojuro
Asian Pear Ichiban
Asian Pear Korean Giant
Asian Pear Tsu Li
Asian Pear Yoinashi
Cherry New York 518
Cherry Vandalay
Cherry Surefire (duke)
Cherry Utah Giant
Cherry Stella
Fig Black Mission
Fig Dessert King
Fig Texas Blue Giant
Fig Sultane
Fig Italian Honey (Lattarula)
Fig Brown Turkey
Fig Hardy Chicago
Fig Violette deBordeaux
Jujube Kima
Jujube Li
Jujube Lang
Jujube Sherwood
Mulberry Beautiful Day
Mulberry Kokusa Korean
Mulberry Oscar
Mulberry Pakistan
Mulberry Illinois Everbearing
Nectarine Necta Zee (dwarf)
Olive Mission
Olive Saracena
Peach Q18
Peach Rick Landt
Peach Fourty-niner
Peach El Dorado (dwarf)
Pear Early Homestead
Pear Bosc
Pear White Doyenne
Pear Conference
Persimmon Chocolate
Persimmon Coffee Cake
Persimmon Suruga
Persimmon Izu
Persimmon Giant Fuyu
Plum Elephant Heart (japanese)
Plum Howard Miracle (japanese)
Pomegranate Parfianka

Berries
Aronia Seedling
Autumn Olive Delightful
Autumn Olive SweetnTart
Autumn Olive Brilliant Rose
Blueberry Duke
Blueberry Elliot
Blueberry Toro
Blueberry Darrow
Blueberry Draper
Blueberry Elizabeth
Bramble Blackberry – Chester
Bramble Blackberry – Triple Crown Thornless
Bramble Boysenberry
Bramble Loganberry – Thornless
Bramble Raspberry – Jewel Black
Bramble Raspberry – Anne (Golden)
Bramble Raspberry – Caroline
Bramble Raspberry – Autumn Britten
Bramble Raspberry – Meeker
Bramble Raspberry – Rosanna
Bramble Tayberry
Bush Cherry Jan
Bush Cherry Joy
Currant Black
Currant White
Currant Orus 8
Elderberry Nova
Elderberry Johns
Gooseberry Black Velvet
Gooseberry Glendale
Gooseberry Hinnomaki Red
Gooseberry Hinnomaki Yellow
Goumi Sweet Scarlet
Goumi Raintree Select Seedling
Musk Strawberry Capron
Musk Strawberry Profumata
Musk Strawberry Male
Serviceberry Regent
Serviceberry Thiessen
Serviceberry Autumn Brilliance
Strawberry Earliglow
Strawberry Jewel
Strawberry Shuksan

Misc
Black Locust Seedling
Pear Rootstock OHxF 333
Apple Rootstock EMLA 26
Camellia sinensis Russian tea
Camellia sinensis Blushing Maiden
Vitex Seedling?
Comfrey Cutting

In addition to the above plants, I also have 12 varieties of wine/juice/fresh eating grapes picked out that will be planted over the next month.

As time goes on and the plants begin to grow, we will be taking photos and documenting their growth and yields.
general land sketch

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